The Council imposed sanctions after Iran refused to do so. A May U. Congressional Report suggested “the United States, and later the Europeans, argued that Iran’s deception meant it should forfeit its right to enrich, a position likely to be up for negotiation in talks with Iran. In June , in the immediate wake of the disputed Iranian presidential election , Iran initially agreed to a deal to relinquish its stockpile of low-enriched uranium in return for fuel for a medical research reactor, but then backed out of the deal. A detailed analysis by physicists at the Federation of American Scientists concludes that such an estimate would depend on the total number and overall efficiency of the centrifuges Iran has in operation, and the amount of low-enriched uranium it has stockpiled to serve as “feedstock” for a possible high-enrichment program. Congressional Research Service report quotes 24 February IAEA report saying that Iran has stockpiled pounds of percent-enriched uranium — an enrichment level necessary for medical applications — as an indication of their capacity to enrich to higher levels. The Israeli Mossad reportedly shared this belief. EU-3 ministers and Iran’s top negotiator Hassan Rouhani On 14 August , Alireza Jafarzadeh , a spokesman for an Iranian dissident group National Council of Resistance of Iran , publicly revealed the existence of two nuclear sites under construction: It has been strongly suggested that intelligence agencies already knew about these facilities but the reports had been classified. This “six months” clause was standard for implementation of all IAEA safeguards agreements until , when the IAEA Board of Governors decided that facilities should be reported during the planning phase, even before construction began.
Share by Mail The question of the meaning and proper interpretation of the early chapters of Genesis is one of the most heated subjects in Christendom today. Few other topics have evoked such polarised opinion and division. The diversity of views on Genesis, even among the most learned of exegetes and scholars, is staggering.
Feb 12, · Direct radiometric dating of dinosaur bones using the U-Pb method, and ICR’s attempt to avoid the issue Well, they’ve finally done it. In a Geology article published last month, Fassett et al. () described their application of the Uranium-Lead (U-Pb) radiometric dating .
Fitting of the continents How Antarctica became frozen Is our earth hollow? The Lost Book of Enki Intelligence evolved on planets? Origin of the races Fallen angels and technology Was God simply an astronaut from space? What about the Greek gods?
Public Opinion Introduction The television, newspapers, and textbooks commonly proclaim, as though it were proven fact, that the earth is 4 to 5 billion years old. What is not commonly taught is how the scientists determined that age. What assumptions did they make?
Uranium (U) and Uranium (U), and the Implications for U-Pb and Pb-Pb Radioisotope Dating Methodologies Andrew Snelling, Answers in Genesis, PO Box , Hebron, Kentucky
Calendar era It is not known who invented the World era and when. Nevertheless, the first appearance of the term is in the treatise of a certain “monk and priest”, Georgios AD —39 , who mentions all the main variants of the “World Era” in his work. He also already regards it as the most convenient for the Easter computus.
Complex calculations of the year lunar and year solar cycles within this world era allowed scholars to discover the cosmic significance of certain historical dates, such as the birth or the crucifixion of Jesus. AD see Alexandrian Era. The era was ultimately calculated as starting on September 1, and Jesus was thought to have been born in the year since the creation of the world. The Eastern Church avoided the use of the Anno Domini system of Dionysius Exiguus , since the date of Christ’s birth was debated in Constantinople as late as the 14th century.
Otherwise the Byzantine calendar was identical to the Julian Calendar except that: The leap day of the Byzantine calendar was obtained in an identical manner to the bissextile day of the original Roman version of the Julian calendar, by doubling the sixth day before the calends of March, i.
Historical oddities or anomalous news stories especially attracted my interest, lingering in my mind for years to come. I was home, sick, and watching television, sipping an endless stream of the chicken noodle soup that my mother always made for me when I was ill. My mother sat on the sofa, sewing and watching her shows. Then, the programs were interrupted by the familiar voice of Walter Cronkite, and the news began to break. Like many children in America, I cried that night.
A year or so later when the Warren Report was published and excerpted in almost every newspaper in the country, I remember thinking “bullets just don’t do that.
More on radioactive dating problems A further response to Reasonable Faith Adelaide Published: 20 June (GMT+10) A Christian response to radiometric dating; Genesis Questions and Answers “God Science” and the Age of the Earth; References and notes. Kusiak, M.A., Uranium-lead dating.
Leibnitz reworked Descartes’s cosmogony. Protogea was published much later in An essay toward a Natural History of the Earth. Woodward came down fairly strongly for the view that the flood was an act of God that could not be accounted for by normal physical processes. He also postulated hydrological sorting to account for the ordering of fossils. Whiston added comets to Burnet’s cosmogony as the source of the waters of the flood.
Lectures and Discourse of Earthquakes and Subterranean Eruptions. Hooke believed that the fossils were the remains of extinct species and could not be accounted for by the Flood. Using Descartes’s cosmology, the assumption that the earth was once entirely flooded, and the observation that the sea level was dropping three inches per century near his home, he calculated the age of the earth to be greater than 2 billion years. Observation sur la Formation des Montagnards
However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage. Scroll down for a report on that. More new posts will be added below this one. The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo. See the list at the bottom of this post for links to the previous installments. Their main endeavor has been to enforce their compulsory e.
Radiometric dating is often used to “prove” rocks are millions of years old. Once you understand the basic science, however, you can see how wrong assumptions lead to incorrect dates. This three-part series will help you properly understand radiometric dating, the assumptions that lead to.
Outlook Other Abstract U-Pb radioisotope dating is now the absolute dating method of first choice among geochronologists, especially using the mineral zircon. A variety of analytical instruments have also now been developed using different micro-sampling techniques coupled with mass spectrometers, thus enabling wide usage of U-Pb radioisotope dating. However, problems remain in the interpretation of the measured Pb isotopic ratios to transform them into ages. Among them is the presence of non-radiogenic Pb of unknown composition, often referred to as common or initial Pb.
There is also primordial Pb that the earth acquired when it formed, its isotopic composition determined as that of troilite in the Canyon Diablo iron meteorite. Subsequently new crustal rocks formed via partial melts from the mantle. So the Pb isotope ratios measured in these rocks today must be interpreted before their U-Pb ages can be calculated.
Various methods have been devised to determine this initial or common Pb, but all involve making unprovable assumptions.
These are K-Ar data obtained on glauconite, a potassium-bearing clay mineral that forms in some marine sediment. Woodmorappe fails to mention, however, that these data were obtained as part of a controlled experiment to test, on samples of known age, the applicability of the K-Ar method to glauconite and to illite, another clay mineral. He also neglects to mention that most of the 89 K-Ar ages reported in their study agree very well with the expected ages.
Evernden and others 43 found that these clay minerals are extremely susceptible to argon loss when heated even slightly, such as occurs when sedimentary rocks are deeply buried. As a result, glauconite is used for dating only with extreme caution. The ages from the Coast Range batholith in Alaska Table 2 are referenced by Woodmorappe to a report by Lanphere and others
In dating: Uranium–lead method. As each dating method was developed, tested, and improved, mainly since , a vast body of knowledge about the behaviour of different isotopic systems under different geologic conditions has evolved.
Primary source references As a preface to this document, I want to point out that it is a shame that we have to continue to refute the same arguments that evolutionists keep bringing up over and over again in their attempts to argue against the fact of creation, which fact has been well established since the day the earth was created ex nihilo several thousand years ago. It is also a shame that the masses have bought all this based on some circular reasoning about fossils, where fossils tend to be found buried, similarities between various life forms, the presence of certain decay products in rocks, and other inherently speculative arguments about the past, based on phenomena that exist in the present.
If I hope to accomplish anything, it will be to simply encourage critical thinking. One must get past the arguments ad populum that its popularity counts for something , ad hominem that if you attack the person making the argument, this counts for something , and especially ad baculum that there are people who have the clout to decree it as true , to ask the key questions and challenge the unsubstantiated assumptions and thinking of those who would hold to the evolution position.
Today there are an increasing number of anti-creationist authors who are producing books and periodicals that make this relatively brief presentation insufficient to deal with all the points in dispute. Those defending creation today who don’t have the time to devote their life’s study to gaining expertise in all fields of inquiry must principally be prepared to think critically, logically, and challenge unsubstantiated assumptions made by these people. They must also keep a level head in the face of some vicious attacks and diatribes that will be directed against them, as is advised in the scriptures 1 Peter 3: By way of definitions, I want to point out that when I speak of “evolution,” I am referring to the popular contemporary use of the word, which in a nutshell is the belief that all life forms are related by ancestry, and that the first life form occurred spontaneously, all due to completely natural processes.
And that means more damage from bad copies of DNA and more pollution, and more damage. People years ago had damaged genes. Why do you think people had genetic diseases, like hemophilia? There is no fittest. Nothing evolves to something better. There is variety and adaptation based on the genes already present in humans, and once those gene varieties are lost or damaged, nothing will repair them or elevate them to another level of existence.
Of all the isotopic dating methods in use today, the uranium-lead method is the oldest and, when done carefully, the most reliable. Unlike any other method, uranium-lead has a natural cross-check built into it that shows when nature has tampered with the evidence.
Australopithecus africanus — The word “Australopithecus” means “southern ape. Raymond Dart, professor of anatomy at Witwatersrand University in Johannesburg, was the first to study these fossils. In at Taung in South Africa, Dart discovered a fossil skull consisting of a full face, teeth and jaws, and an endocranial cast of the brain.
The brain size was cc. Its age is currently felt to be around two to three million years old. Dart was convinced that some teeth were man-like and thus concluded a transition between apes and man.